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Repetitive Strain Injuries

Welcome to Kitchener Physiotherapy & Wellness Blog on Repetitive Sprain/Strain Injury.

Repetitive Strain Injury (RSI) is a general term used to depict the pain felt in muscles, nerves and ligaments caused by repetitive movement and overuse.

Today, the fundamental driver of RSI are repetitive physical work (Manual Labor, office work, and the utilization of current mechanical gadgets.

RSI alludes to a wide assortment of issues. A RSI can influence any movable part of the human body.

RSIs are related with repetitive work, intense efforts, vibrations, mechanical pressure, and managed or awkward positions.

Different names include repetitive motion injuries, repetitive motion disorder (RMD), cumulative trauma disorder (CTD), occupational overuse syndrome, overuse syndrome, and regional musculoskeletal disorder.


RSI has many possible causes, and a wide range of possible symptoms.

Here are a portion of the more broad symptoms:

  • pain or tenderness in the affected muscle or joint
  • a throbbing or throbbing sensation in the affected part
  • tingling, particularly the hand or arm
  • loss of sensation
  • loss of strength
  • Cramp

At first, you may just notice symptoms when you're doing a specific repetitive activity.

But without treatment, the manifestations of RSI may eventually end up consistent and cause longer periods of pain. You may likewise get swelling in the affected part, which can keep going for a while.

What Causes RSI

  • RSI are caused by repetitive movement and overuse.
  • repetitive use of a specific muscle or group of muscles
  • use of vibrating machine
  • working in cool temperatures
  • poor posture or a non-ergonomically outlined workspace
  • forceful activities or workload
  • holding a similar posture for delayed periods
  • direct pressure to specific part of body
  • conveying heavy loads
  • weakness
  • expanded mental pressure/stress has been appeared to intensify RSI


Sorts of treatment that are generally utilized include:

Medicine: Anti-provocative painkillers, (for example, headache medicine or ibuprofen), muscle relaxants, and antidepressants may help. Resting tablets might be appropriate, if dozing is influenced.

Heat or cool: Applying heat packs or ice packs. Keep away from inordinate warmth or applying ice straight forwardly to the skin, as these can consume.

Braces: Some individuals utilize a versatile help or support.

Physiotherapy: Most common way of treating RSI. This Includes modalities, exercises, manual treatment, propping or bracing, and guidance on adjusting exercises to adapt to task or diminish the danger of exacerbating the damage.

Others include steroid injection/surgeries etc.

Examples of RSIs

Here are a couple of the numerous conditions that are connected to RSI, despite the fact that these conditions may likewise originate from different causes:

  • Bursitis: The liquid filled sac close to a knee, elbow, or shoulder joint winds up inflamed and swollen.
  • Tendonitis: A tendon became inflamed. Click below for more information https://www.kitchenerphysiotherapy.com/Injuries-Conditions/Tendonitis/Tendonitis/a~376/article.html
  • Tendinosis: Cellular degeneration of collagen results inside the tendon, because of repetitive overuse. This is unique in relation to tendinitis.
  • Carpal Tunnel Syndrome: Painful pressure of a nerve as it goes over the front of the wrist.
  • Raynaud's disease : Blood vessels in the extremities tighten when cool or stressed. It tends to be activated by work including vibration, for example, utilizing a jackhammer.
  • Cubital Tunnel Syndrome: This can result from rehashed or delayed weight on the nerve in the "Funny bone " zone, or from extending this nerve for significant lots of time. ( elbow)
  • De Quervain disorder: This agonizing condition influences the tendons on the thumb side of the wrist, and it is frequently connected with abuse of the wrist.
  • Thoracic outlet disorder: Blood vessels or nerves wind up caught between the neckline bone and first rib. It generally influences individuals whose activity includes overwhelming utilization of the furthest points against opposition.
  • Intersection Syndrome: An excruciating irritation of particular muscles of forearm, caused by rehashed flexion and expansion of the wrist. It frequently influences weightlifters, rowers, racket sport players, horseback riders, and skiers.
  • Dupuytren's contracture: A thickening of profound tissue in the palm of the hand and fingers can prompt for all time bowed fingers. Utilizing vibrating apparatuses builds the hazard.
  • Rotator cuff syndrome: Damage to any of the ligaments that hold the shoulder joint set up. Usually in work that includes delayed overhead movement.
  • Medial epicondylitis, or golfer's elbow: This influences within the lower arm, close to the elbow. Every now and again playing certain games or dreary turning movements can prompt this condition.
  • Lateral epicondylitis, or tennis elbow: This influences the external piece of the elbow.
  • Stenosing tenosynovitis, or trigger finger: A finger ends up stuck in the twisted position and, when fixed, it does as such with a snap. This is otherwise called "messaging tendonitis." It might result from rehashed, solid grasping.
  • Radial Tunnel Syndrome: There is a dull hurt at the highest point of the lower arm. Abuse of the arm to push or force, or abuse of the hand and wrist can chafe the nerve and cause torment.
  • Writers Cramp: Muscle fit happen in the hands and arms, because of abuse.

RSIs have been with us for a considerable length of time and they are probably not going to leave. In any case, adapting more about what makes them and how treat them can enable us to lessen the bother and inconvenience they can bring.

Kitchener Physiotherapy & Wellness provides services for physiotherapy in Kitchener.

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